What percentage of the entire flow of information perceived by a person can be critical?

There may be any research on this subject, or at least a balanced personal opinion. It is clear that to critically comprehend something – first of all, a conscious mental effort, and we use conscious mental efforts selectively, so? PS: I will ask the fee to rest with us, and to direct a special “elitism” of thinking into a constructive direction. Thank you.

What do you think?

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8 Comments

  1. Conscious mental efforts are always selective and purposeful. They are aimed at making optimal decisions, realizing their plans, solving life problems. And what is the goal of one who wants to “critically comprehend” 100% of the entire flow of perceived information? What will he do with her? In addition, you need to understand that the flow of perceived information is continuous. And if a person wants not to miss a single percent from this flow, he must do nothing, but only process (critically comprehend) information. But even the critical understanding itself is already a kind of action that interrupts the flow of incoming information. So, he is already losing some interest. This is tremendous mental efforts! It is not clear for what purpose. Is it worth such efforts?

  2. Despite the strange formulation of the question (to evaluate the attitude of what cannot be measured to what cannot be determined), I will try to make my understanding of critical thinking (understanding). I don’t know, but on average, all people are the same for children and for all people and for all people. He is less than the old people, in a middle-aged person from Weird, it will be slightly higher. Critical thinking can be divided by perception into academic and domestic. The possession of knowledge and methods of critical thinking does not mean that we apply it in life and to ourselves. D. Kaneman has funny experiments when professors outside the department made the same cognitive errors as students. And vice versa, a person can critically think and make rational decisions without knowledge of them, based on experience and intuition (for example, an emergency assistance). It is clear that it is critically comprehending something – first of all, a conscious mental effort, and we use conscious mental efforts Selectively, so? And so and not so at the same time, part of critical thinking is gradually turning into automatic and to a certain extent to turn into a skill, but over time and/or a change in the environment, it can turn into a mistake. Details about the schemes of thinking in K.I. Stall. As a person makes decisions and thinks in the context of critical thinking it is better to study by books (I will give below), because It’s just that this process cannot be described. I am eager for the phrase from the book “Think slowly … decide quickly”: the only confirmation of rationality is not that the views and preferences of a person are reasonable, but that they are internally consistent. A rational person can believe in ghosts if all his other beliefs allow the existence of ghosts. Records of books to study criticism and most importantly !!! On the possibilities of its application: “Critical thinking. Analyze, doubt, form your opinion.” Tom Chatfield “Think slowly … decide quickly“ D. Kaneman “rational thinking”, Stall K. “Harry Potter and Methods of Rational Thinking” (Elizer Yudkovsky) “Psychology of critical thinking” Halpern Daina.

  3. Despite the strange formulation of the question (to evaluate the attitude of what cannot be measured to what cannot be determined), I will try to make my understanding of critical thinking (understanding). I don’t know, but on average, all people are the same for children and for all people and for all people. He is less than the old people, in a middle-aged person from Weird, it will be slightly higher. Critical thinking can be divided by perception into academic and domestic. The possession of knowledge and methods of critical thinking does not mean that we apply it in life and to ourselves. D. Kaneman has funny experiments when professors outside the department made the same cognitive errors as students. And vice versa, a person can critically think and make rational decisions without knowledge of them, based on experience and intuition (for example, an emergency assistance). It is clear that it is critically comprehending something – first of all, a conscious mental effort, and we use conscious mental efforts Selectively, so? And so and not so at the same time, part of critical thinking is gradually turning into automatic and to a certain extent to turn into a skill, but over time and/or a change in the environment, it can turn into a mistake. Details about the schemes of thinking in K.I. Stall. As a person makes decisions and thinks in the context of critical thinking it is better to study by books (I will give below), because It’s just that this process cannot be described. I am eager for the phrase from the book “Think slowly … decide quickly”: the only confirmation of rationality is not that the views and preferences of a person are reasonable, but that they are internally consistent. A rational person can believe in ghosts if all his other beliefs allow the existence of ghosts. Records of books to study criticism and most importantly !!! On the possibilities of its application: “Critical thinking. Analyze, doubt, form your opinion.” Tom Chatfield “Think slowly … decide quickly“ D. Kaneman “rational thinking”, Stall K. “Harry Potter and Methods of Rational Thinking” (Elizer Yudkovsky) “Psychology of critical thinking” Halpern Daina.

  4. A person perceives information using the first and second signaling system. The information entering the senses (PSS) is usually perceived without a critical assessment on the principle of “I saw this with my own eyes.” In special cases, when it is necessary not to trust the perception of their own senses, for example, when piloting the aircraft on devices, this is taught specifically. But such a skill is given to a person very difficult, therefore, a lot of plane schedule is a considerable percentage precisely because of the pilot’s error. Putting and a critical assessment of speech (VSS) depends on the upbringing, age, physical condition, experience, profession, will, etc. Therefore, the level of criticality of a person It can change within a very broad limits in different people and in different situations: from “nobody and nothing” to “to” I believe everyone and everything. ” It can also be noted here that speech always somewhat distorts the information, which is associated with the subjectivity of the speaker and the listener, the correctness of coding/decoding of concepts and sensations in words and, accordingly, back.

  5. There is such a thing called a way of thinking. This is a supra -thief setting of the method of perception of information. Someone perceives the information on faith, and someone automatically (!) Cares it. For example, the announcement hangs: “Buy small wholesale, prices below retail! Small wholesale from 2 kg.” Immediately lies sugar in packages. One packaging is 800 grams and costs 60 rubles, and nearby is a package of 5 kg and costs 413 rubles. Which one will you buy? I think very quickly in my mind and will take in small packages. In addition, it happens with any other information. A critically thinking person in experience “sewn” patterns collected from facts. If the fact falls into the pattern, then it is not checked, if it is knocked out, then it is checked.

  6. I think about 10% of the flow is recognized in the moment. And in a rare moment it is precisely a critical approach. Say, passing by a high -rise building, I do not have to know how many floors in it. Suppose 20, offhand. But why should I criticize this hypothesis? Spend the brain resources on this? Another thing is if you have 100 pieces to take it before resurrection. Here, somehow a critical analysis works by itself, even among theists. Open: not all information needs a critical understanding, but only that which matters to you and (or) the truth of which is not obvious. But if critical thinking interferes with a person, the worse for critical thinking, as a rule, this is right, in his own way. Suppose: well, let it be “weak to the front”, as all friends say, I love and want to believe that she is a goddess, and not … and everyone is happy. For some time…

  7. The amount of information that an individual can critically process depends on a person and the situation. In general, studies show that people can usually process only a small percentage of information to which they are subjected to. For example, the study of the psychologist George Miller in the 1950s showed that the average person can store about seven units of information in his meek-hide memory at a time, often called the “magic number of seven plus or minus two.” Profitable studies have shown that people can convert Attention only on 25-50% of the information to which they are subject to any given time. This means that the majority of the information to which people are subjected to, is not processed or not preserved in long -term memory. The ability to process, preserve and understand information can be critically affected by various factors, such as attention, previous knowledge, emotional state and cognitive capabilities. But this can also be improved by practice and training. The answer is generated by the Openai GPT neural network

  8. There is a verbal channel of information, this is that one person speaks to another, while all the words are specially collected in such a way that the listener understands what the speaker wants to say about. In fact, people communicate with specially prepared signs (symbols), where each speech symbol in The process of mastering the language receives the most clear meaning. Necious researchers determine the efficiency of verbal communication in about 5% .. where 95% of lost information is allocated for encryption and decryption of symbolic communication. There are more specific grammars, such as traffic rules, or musical diploma .. Such symbolic channels More effective, and for different people, the perception of the “Fare is prohibited” converges by 98%, or the reproduction of music recorded by notes is also almost unambiguously. Different information and deciphering it and attracts critical thinking .. He does not look at the “Stop” sign and not admire it with flowers, he accepts it holistically, without images, but as an instruction not knitted with something. willing in his head. When people talk, the words are translated into images, and in the form of images they are sewn into complex structures of concepts and mental constructions .. And this is done at a sbecective level, therefore, the efficiency of verbal communication is very low. But, the verbal channel – This is the best channel in effectiveness, the rest of the channels are even less unambiguous and effective. If one wrote a picture, and the second looks, it is not a fact that the viewer will understand what the picture is about, what to look at. And what is secondary .. and therefore, the more realistic, the less it can be conscious of the viewer .. and vice versa – if the image is schematically and the viewer is familiar with schematics (visual canon), then it is easier to decipher it, up to the symbolism of the MP It is about the channels of perception, the information on which comes to a person without preliminary preparation (for example, outside human communication), the situation worsens fluently. If an experienced hunter can still navigate in the surrounding forest, in the wake, signs of creatures, sounds, conditions of the advancing. .. then the allocated meaning by a person is not prepared striving for zero. And here you can connect the criticism of any power, but if a theater critic who knows only the circumstances of theatrical art is in the forest, then it is impossible to apply this critical thinking to the forest environment. It’s a simple conclusion .. “Critical thinking” in itself is a skill, while a narrow , belonging to which it developed. And a critical attitude to everything is called “criticism” and has nothing to do with comprehension, but rather to the reaction to the stimulus. What is the percentage of the entire flow of information perceived by a person can be critical? There is a developed skill of critical assessment and comprehension .. And its share depends on the level of development of the skill. How above is shown above, the skill of decryption of human speech allows us to critically distinguish only 5% of the meaning of the transmitted, the rest will be a subchial error .. 5% – this is the economic one is the economic The energy threshold, below which it is already impossible to fall, then only the complete absence of mutual understanding .. The concept of this bar is not profitable, it will be necessary to increase the amount of information transmitted by several times or by several orders of order to achieve a minimum increase in the level of mutual understanding. The acquired skill of the symbolic channel allows us to take up to 98 % critically Information .. The absence of a critical understanding skill can lead to zero effectiveness of perception. ………………………. Posolka is obvious that this answer can be understood by the reader only to a small extent (see. Higher) .. then developing this reasoning is no longer profitable .. And everyone himself can critically comprehend what has been written and, if desired, supplement it with analogies and knowledge in its characteristic areas.

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